Carving tools help you recover deleted files
If the filesystem is not completely destroyed, tools that evaluate the filesystem provide an important alternative to tools such as Foremost and Scalpel. The PhotoRec  recovery tool was developed by Christophe Grenier to rescue photos from corrupt Flash memory. PhotoRec will also work if the partition table is damaged.
Once PhotoRec has identified the filesystem, it extracts an enormous variety of file types. In addition to photo files, PhotoRec also restores EXE or ZIP files.
All told, the tool supports more than 180 file types. The program is controlled by means of a practical text menu, which reduces the danger of user errors. Unfortunately, PhotoRec cannot current analyze RAM dumps or swap files.
File carvers help forensic investigators extract deleted files. Foremost and Scalpel ignore the filesystem and can even restore data from RAM dumps and swap files. Their speed is quite amazing.
If the filesystem still exists, a tool such as PhotoRec is also useful for finding lost files.
- The Coroner's Toolkit: http://www.porcupine.org/forensics/tct.html
- The Sleuth Kit: http://www.sleuthkit.org
- Foremost: http://foremost.sf.net
- Scalpel: http://www.digitalforensicssolutions.com/Scalpel/
- PhotoRec: http://www.cgsecurity.org/wiki/PhotoRec
- FTimes: http://ftimes.sourceforge.net/FTimes/
- Foremost on the Forensics Wiki: http://www.forensicswiki.org/wiki/Foremost
- OCFA, The carve path zero-storage library and filesystem: http://ocfa.sourceforge.net/libcarvpath/
- DFRWS carving challenge: http://www.dfrws.org/2006/challenge/
Buy this article as PDF
VMware bids for a stake in the container industry with a bold effort to integrate containers with its classic virtualization system.
3ROS attack tool lowers the technical bar so anyone can be an intruder.
Mozilla's latest browser offers powerful new privacy feature
If attackers are on your system, saving your passwords in a password vault is no protection.
Faulty hash algorithm persists, despite efforts by experts to raise awareness.
Powerful man-in-the-middle attack is now targeting online shopping.
Another high-profile coder says the kernel team needs a kinder, gentler culture.
Bug database has a bug of its own that could allow an intruder to create an unauthorized account.
Report focuses federal resources on achieving universal Internet access.
Leading browser makers say “no” to porous encryption algorithm