System Monitoring with Glances

Watchdog

© Lead Image © Dmitriy Pchelintsev, 123RF.com

© Lead Image © Dmitriy Pchelintsev, 123RF.com

Article from Issue 235/2020
Author(s):

Admins and power users like to watch the load on their computers. Glances lets you see immediately if something is wrong.

Linux has no lack of monitoring tools. Because Linux is used so frequently in a server context, monitoring applications have always been important.

For the Linux desktop, you will find many smaller applications that focus on specific areas of monitoring. Glances [1] is a program that keeps you up to date with the current health state of your system.

Glances is available from the software repositories of most popular distributions and derivatives. For Debian, Ubuntu, or Linux Mint, use

sudo apt install glances

to install Glances. The project site [2] lists other ways to obtain Glances, which was written in Python, including Python's own package manager pip, a Glances Docker container, and the option to compile the application from source code.

Modes

Glances supports several operating modes for which you call the ncurses application with different parameters. In the simplest case, simply type the glances command at the prompt. The tool then reads the values from hardware and software, displays them in the terminal ,and continuously updates the process list (Figure 1).

Figure 1: Glances continuously provides a wealth of information about the running system in the terminal.

In order to keep an eye on the server on the home network from anywhere on the LAN, call up Glances on this LAN with the glances -w command. The -w parameter activates browser mode, which does not require its own web server, but is based on the Bottle web framework.

You can now access the program on http://<Server-IP>:61208 in the web browser from any other workstation on the web (Figure 2) and locally via a URL of http://localhost:61208. If you want to monitor the server via SSH from a workstation on the LAN, access the software via the terminal without browser mode.

Figure 2: The integrated web server lets you retrieve data in a web browser from somewhere on the network.

In addition, Glances provides a client-server mode, which also allows the server to be called from any workstation on the network. To do this, launch the software on the server with the glances -s command and on the client by entering:

glances -c <Server-IP>

By default, Glances listens on port 61209 in server mode. If required, you can also define another port with the -p parameter.

To prevent unauthorized persons from accessing the Glances server and thus gaining an overview of the available hardware capacities, there is also the option of setting a password on the server with the --password parameter, which the server then prompts you for when you access its IP.

Displays

Glances provides far more information than the usual system monitoring programs. In the upper part of the display, you will find information about the distribution, the kernel used, and the IP address of the system. Below this, you can see information about the CPU, the RAM, and the swap partition, as well as their current load values, listed in a table with several columns.

On the far right, you will also see information about the CPU kernel load and the operating time of the computer. Below that Glances provides periodically updated information about the network interfaces available on the system, the mass storage partitions, the occupancy of the system partition, and the installed sensors.

Shortcuts

Glances supplements these data with corresponding throughput rates, as well as with temperature values for sensors. To the right of this is a process display, which not only lists the individual processes one below the other, but also the CPU and memory usage per process in a separate column to the left. The individual displays are shown graphically, much like the load displays of htop or top.

Glances offers various possibilities to customize the appearance. For example, you can switch certain load displays on or off at the touch of a button. For example, pressing N removes the network interface information from the Glances window, while at the same time moving up the mass storage and I/O data. The developers provide detailed documentation on the keys that can be used interactively in the program [3].

Buy this article as PDF

Express-Checkout as PDF
Price $2.95
(incl. VAT)

Buy Linux Magazine

SINGLE ISSUES
 
SUBSCRIPTIONS
 
TABLET & SMARTPHONE APPS
Get it on Google Play

US / Canada

Get it on Google Play

UK / Australia

Related content

  • Real-Time Monitoring Tools

    The Top system monitor is a useful aid for identifying system bottlenecks, and Htop, Atop, and Glances extend its possibilities.

  • Charly's Column: Nmon

    Nmon monitors system information. You can use the Nmon’s capture mode to output data to a file, then extract the values you need with a script.

  • Storage Cluster

    When building cloud environments, you need more than just a scalable infrastructure, you also need a high-performance storage component. We look at Ceph, a distributed object store and filesystem that pairs well in the cloud with OpenStack.

  • Linux Dash and Cockpit

    Linux Dash and Cockpit are small-scale solutions for monitoring a cloud-hosted virtual server from home.

  • System Status Tools

    A system monitor lets you query the system’s current health state. If you are unhappy with the spartan Top tool, try one of these easy alternatives.

comments powered by Disqus

Direct Download

Read full article as PDF:

Price $2.95

News